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Nature Friendly Fishing Gear – In catching octopus, fishermen still use traditional methods. Environmentally friendly octopus fishing can certainly maintain the sustainability of the octopus. The intended fishing gear is an octopus fishing gear that does not damage coral reefs with a simple catch concept but still optimal in terms of catching octopus.

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How We Fish for Octopus Without Damaging the Ecosystem

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Several types of Nature Friendly Fishing Gear – Octopuses can double in weight every month. The female octopus lays about 300,000 eggs in the coral hole and incubates for a month until it is hatched. The ocean currents make the baby octopus scatter. At the age of three to four months, octopuses settle on coral reefs. Live and grow to eat crabs, shellfish, and small fish. After eight to ten months, female octopuses move deeper into the reef to lay eggs. “When settled on the reef it weighed about 100 grams. It can weigh up to 6,400 grams in seven months.”

The way we catch octopuses, of course, is to use simple tools where one focus is not to damage the environment so that the ecosystem of the octopus is maintained.

Several types of Nature Friendly Fishing Gear

  1. Octopus Porridge (Bubu Gurita)
    Octopus trap is an octopus catcher made of rubber tires. Octopus traps are classified into traps. The parts of the octopus trap are as follows.

    • Body (Badan)
      Like a cavity (cylindrical in shape) made of tire rubber, it serves as a place for the catch target to be trapped

    • Circular mouth
      Several types of Nature Friendly Fishing Gear – This is the hole where the octopus enters the trap. The octopus trap consists of rope and wire binding, an entrance and a trap cover. The material for making octopus bubu is used tires with a cover diameter of 10 cm and a length of 40 cm. The main parameter of the octopus trap is the size of the mouth of the octopus trap. The operating method of the octopus trap is in principle almost the same as the operating method of other traps, except that the operation of the octopus trap does not use bait.
      The method of operation is to install octopus traps in waters where it is estimated that there are many catch targets. The installation and removal of the trap is carried out every day in the morning. The length of immersion depends on the fisherman who operates it according to experience, but generally it is between 2-3 days. The operating area of the octopus trap is the bottom of the muddy or sandy waters, with small currents with a depth of between 5-40 m

  2. Pot
    Tie several pots in one rope, then place them on the bottom of the water. This pot is taken every 4-10 days.
  3. Octopus Jigg
    Several types of Nature Friendly Fishing Gear – An octopus fishing rod is not a fishing rod that looks like an octopus, but a fishing rod specifically used to catch octopus (octopus). The octopus fishing line has a unique shape because at the end there are lots of hooks that are curved and sticking up. Through a long fishing line, the dozens of hooks were given a little bait and then lowered to a location suspected of being inhabited by octopuses. When the octopus eats the bait that is on the hook, the angler will make a sudden jolt on the fishing line so that the octopus’ mouth will be caught in the hook.
  4. Pocong-Pocong
    Several types of Nature Friendly Fishing Gear – Pocong-pocong is a fishing gear made of white cement mixed with water and then shaped like an octopus head and the bottom is connected with a cloth that is cut lengthwise and then attached to a head made of cement. The operation of the tool is very simple, that is, simply submerge it and then pull it up. The octopus will follow the fishing gear to the surface, then the octopus will be picked up using iron hooks connected to wood.
  5. Traditional tools: crowbar, gancu, kai-kai
    Weaknesses: the octopus is damaged and destroys the habitat of the octopus (coral), requires a compressor (a tool when fishermen dive at a certain depth)
  6. ACAH
    • - Do not use bait
    • - Can be used from a boat/ship (no need to dive)
    • - Do not damage corals and other ecosystems
    • - Long battery life (1 year for 8 hours use per day)
    • - Can be used during the day or night
    • - Can be taken anywhere (portable)
    • - The number of catches is more and more selective

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